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Trombofiliile si sarcina

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Trombofilia este o afectiune legata de timpul de coagulare al sangelui si care poate duce la avort. Iata ce masuri trebuie luate in acest caz:

Trombofiliile sunt o categorie de tulburari ale coagularii sangelui, care pot fi sau ereditare, sau dobandite. Coagularea sangelui este un mecanism complex, dar necesar al functionarii trupului. Cand apare o rana, intervin mai multe etape, derulate intr-o ordine specifica, al caror rezultat este formarea cheagului de sange.

Fara acest mecanism, o simpla zgarietura pe picior provocata de o lama ar putea duce la moartea unui om.

Probabil ai auzit despre hemofilie. Persoanei care sufera de hemofilie ii lipsesc mecanismele implicate in formarea cheagului de sange.

 

gravida bolnava

 

La antipodul problemei, trombofiliile sunt tulburari care duc la formarea cheagurilor de sange cand acest lucru nu ar trebui sa se intample.

Ele se pot forma in interiorul vaselor de sange, incetinind sau blocand circulatia acestuia. Formarea cheagurilor de sange este periculoasa pentru ca trombul se poate desprinde de la locul formarii si se poate deplasa spre plamani si/sau creier.

Trombofiliile necesita o atentie speciala in timpul sarcinii din cauza modificarilor care au loc in corpul femeii insarcinate. Posibilitatea formarii unor trombi periculosi este crescuta in aceasta perioada.

Cheagul de sange format in timpul sarcinii reprezinta un pericol nu numai pentru mama, ci si pentru copil: trombul se poate forma intr-un vas de sange care alimenteaza placenta, scazand sau blocand total circulatia sanguina catre fat.

Asa cum am afirmat anterior, exista doua tipuri de trombofilii: ereditare (ne nastem cu ele) si dobandite. Fiecare tip de trombofilie prezinta mai multe subcategorii. Fiecare subcategorie este denumita/descrisa prin proteina sau „factorul” anormal:

 

Trombofiliile ereditare:

- Factorul V Leiden (forma cea mai raspandita);
- Modificari ale protrombinei;
- Deficit de antitrombina;
- Deficit de proteina C;
- Deficit de proteina S;
- MTHFR.

MTHFR este inclusa in categoria trombofiliilor, fiind o afectiune a sangelui care poate cauza formarea trombilor. MTHFR este o anomalie genetica avand mai multe mutatii cunoscute. Multe persoane afectate de MTHFR nu pot metaboliza acidul folic.

Trombofiliile dobandite sunt tulburari ale coagularii sangelui care se dezvolta in urma unor vatamari sau a altor afectiuni medicale.

 

hemofilia

Trombofiliile dobandite:

- Sindromul antifosfolipidic;
- Lupus anticoagulant;
- Trombocitopenia indusa de heparina (TIH);
- Hemoglobinuria paroxistica nocturna (HPN).

Simptomele trombofiliei

De regula, trombofiliile ereditare si dobandite nu au simptome daca nu exista un cheag de sange activ. Simptomele unui cheag sunt durerea, sensibilitatea, inflamatiile si paloarea de obicei a unei extremitati. In cazul in care banuiesti existenta unui tromb, nu masa zona, caci s-ar putea sa determini desprinderea trombului.

Ambele tipuri de trombofilii pot da nastere unor complicatii in cazul unei sarcini. Printre complicatii se numara: travaliul inainte de termen, dezvoltarea fetala insuficienta fiind posibil si un avort spontan.

Trombofiliile se diagnosticheaza prin teste de sange. Rezultatele ii indica medicului tipul de afectiune cu care te confrunti.


Tratamentul trombofiliilor


Tratamentul trombofiliei depinde de tipul acesteia. Persoanei careia ii lipseste un anumit factor de coagulare i se poate administra acel factor. Alti pacienti pot fi tratati pe cale orala cu anti-coagulante pentru a scadea sansele de formare a unui cheag.

Indiferent de tip, pacientele insarcinate trebuie urmarite cu strictete. Multe femei afectate de trombofilie duc pana la capat sarcini normale.

Mai avem multe de invatat in ceea ce priveste trombofilia. Ceea ce se cunoaste este ca multi oameni sufera de trombofilie fara a avea nicio neplacere.

Femeile care au antecedente familiale de dereglari ale coagularii sangelui, avorturi multiple sau antecedente personale de formare de cheaguri sunt sfatuite sa se supuna unor teste pentru determinarea tulburarilor de coagulare a sangelui.





Cuvinte cheie: Avort spontan , Complicatii sarcina , Sarcina cu risc


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ahmedsayeed1982
ahmedsayeed1982

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2021-12-01 la 11:44
ahmedsayeed1982
ahmedsayeed1982

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2021-12-01 la 11:44
ahmedsayeed1982
ahmedsayeed1982

The vast majority of this space junk is flying at high speeds. This could lead to collisions with vehicles in space and eventually to space debris. For example, this year SpaceX (Starlink) and ESA (European Space Agency) satellites were on the verge of collision. In addition, this traffic can disrupt the channels of neighboring active satellites and prevent the transmission of critical information.general mobileIt can pose a threat to space exploration and operations, as well as to the safety of people on Earth and in space. ESA will launch ClearSpace-1, one of the world's first space debris removal missions, in 2025.Number of satellites of countries: How many satellites does Turkey have?According to Statista.com, of the 3,372 active artificial satellites orbiting the Earth on January general mobile 1, 2021, 1,897 belong to the United States. In other words, the dominance of the USA in this area is obvious. In second place is China. China has 412 satellites. After the USA and China, the other country with the most satellites is Russia. Russia's 176 satellites are operating in our orbit. Other countries have 887 satellites. So, how many satellites does Turkey have? With TÜRKSAT 5A placed in orbit this year, the number of active satellites has increased to 7. Turkey's satellites named TÜRKSAT 3A, TÜRKSAT 4A, TÜRKSAT 4B, TÜRKSAT 5A, GÖKTÜRK-1, GÖKTÜRK-2 and RASAT are currently in orbit. Since 1994, our country has satellites in orbit around the Earth.general mobileBetween 2008 and 2019, the global satellite industry nearly doubled to $271 billion. Income is generated from the construction, launch and operation of satellites. While private companies had the capacity to develop and operate satellites since the 1960s, these companies failed to launch satellites until the 1980s.The prevalence of private companies in the sector is expected to increase in the coming decades. For example, general mobile Elon Musk's SpaceX space transportation company plans to quadruple the number of launches between 2020 and 2040. Instagram is among the most popular applications, which some people use as a source of income, some people live their lives, and some people just use it to pass time. It is also discussed with its new features.While both existing and new features of Instagram are liked by some people, it is seen as unnecessary by some people. The last seen feature shows the people you are messaging directly with when you were last online and whether you are currently active on Instagram. Instagram remembers when you last checked the app. Also, this feature is turned on by default.general mobileHowever, if you do not want to show that you are online in real time, it is possible to disable this feature by following the steps we will show you.The “Last Seen” feature is not publicly available. It is only viewed by people you follow on Instagram and send direct messages to.

2021-12-01 la 11:43
ahmedsayeed1982
ahmedsayeed1982

Earlier rockets only launched one or two satellites.In addition, the increase in the number of satellite broadband services, including SpaceX's Starlink, is also effective. Between 2008 and 2019, the global satellite industry nearly doubled to $271 billion. general mobileIncome is generated from the construction, launch and operation of satellites. While private companies had the capacity to develop and operate satellites since the 1960s, these companies failed to launch satellites until the 1980s.The prevalence of private companies in the sector is expected to increase in the coming decades. For example, Elon Musk's SpaceX space transportation company plans to quadruple the number of launches between 2020 and 2040. Instagram is among the most popular applications, which some people use as a source of income, general mobilesome people live their lives, and some people just use it to pass time. It is also discussed with its new features.While both existing and new features of Instagram are liked by some people, it is seen as unnecessary by some people. The last seen feature shows the people you are messaging directly with when you were last online and whether you are currently active on Instagram. Instagram remembers when you last checked the app. Also, this feature is turned on by default.general mobileHowever, if you do not want to show that you are online in real time, it is possible to disable this feature by following the steps we will show you.The “Last Seen” feature is not publicly available. It is only viewed by people you follow on Instagram and send direct messages to. If you have an open account and the person you don't follow sends you a direct message, they cannot see your last active time.general mobileIf you have not updated the Instagram application, it is not possible to see this feature. However, if you are using an up-to-date application, you can see the last seen information of your friends and people you follow. The satellite industry is dominated by the USA, China, Russia, the UK, Japan, India, the European Space Agency, Canada, Germany and Luxembourg. Meanwhile, the main reason for the increase in numbers over the last decade is the development of the smaller CubeSat (cube satellites). Thanks to CubeSats, many small satellites are launched simultaneously. general mobile Earlier rockets only launched one or two satellites.In addition, the increase in the number of satellite broadband services, including SpaceX's Starlink, is also effective. These tools work in many sectors such as geological information, agriculture, education, food security, climate change, rural development, health, public administration, energy, environment, disaster management, urban development. Traffic in space: The risks of space junkgeneral mobileSatellite numbers can seem fascinating. On the contrary, it raises serious concerns about space traffic management and space debris. Successive space explorations in recent years have revealed the risks of space junk. The vast majority of this space junk is flying at high speeds. This could lead to collisions with vehicles in space and eventually to space debris. For example, this year SpaceX (Starlink) and ESA (European Space Agency) satellites were on the verge of collision.

2021-12-01 la 11:43
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